Hacking refers to activities that seek to compromise digital devices, such as computers, smartphones, tablets, and even entire networks. And while hacking might not always be for malicious purposes, nowadays most references to hacking, and hackers, characterize it/them as unlawful activity by cyber criminals—motivated by financial gain, protest, information gathering (spying), and even just for the “fun” of the challenge.

Hacking is typically technical in nature (like creating Mal-advertising that deposits malware in a drive-by attack requiring no user interaction). But hackers can also use psychology to trick the user into clicking on a malicious attachment or providing personal data. These tactics are referred to as “social engineering.”

Besides social engineering and mal advertising, common hacking techniques include;Viruses, Worms, Ransomware,Trojans,Rootkits,Browser hijacks,Botnets etc.But how does one get ahead of these hacks, and safeguard themselves and data from breaches and imminent cyber attacks?

First and foremost, download a reliable anti-malware product and/or an antivirus (or app for the phone), which can both detect and neutralize malware and block connections to malicious phishing websites.

Second, only download phone apps from the legitimate marketplaces that police themselves for malware-carrying apps, such as Google Play and Amazon Appstore. (Note that Apple policy restricts iPhone users to download only from the App Store.) Even so, every time you download an app, check the ratings and reviews first. If it has a low rating and a low number of downloads, it is best to avoid that app.

Also, protect your info.Know that no bank or online payment system will ever ask you for your login credentials, social security number, or credit card numbers by means of email.

Besides that,regularly update your software when there is a new version of it available. Whether you’re on your phone or a computer, make sure your operating system remains updated. And update your other resident software as well.

Lastly, password safety.The bad guys are forever looking for a new way into your system. If a hacker discovers one of your passwords that you use for multiple services, they have apps that can breach your other accounts. So make your passwords long and complicated, and avoid using the same password for different accounts thus protecting yourself.